Bolivia – Finca Nueva Llusta
A complex coffee with a full bodied feel and plumy notes. Bolivia has a special place in our hearts and this coffee does not disappoint.
Asencio Ticona and his family, migrated from La Paz to Yungas – Caranavi to dedicate himself to the production of coffee. When he started out in coffee, the market was favourable and it was not until 2001 that Asencio started to consider the potential there was to be producing great tasting coffee and thus obtain a better premium. Ever since then, Asencio has been focused on improving the quality of his coffee, including participating in the Bolivian Cup of Excellence.
Finca Llusta is a 12 hectare farm, of which 4 are cultivated with great tasting varietals like typica, caturra and catuai. Asencio gained technical assistance to analyse the soil composition of his farm in order to determine what applications to make to the soil to enhance the health of his coffee plants. From these, Andres is now planning to initiate an organic fertilization program.
- Coffee: Finca Nueve Llusta
- Name of farm: Finca Llusta
- Owner: Asencio Ticona
- Altitude: 1.690m
- Varietals: Typica, Caturra and Red Catuai
- Processing: Washed and dried on african beds
- Town: Comunidad Nueva Lusta.
- Region: San Lorenzo – Caranavi
- Country: Bolivia
- Size of farm: 12 hectares
- Area under coffee: 4 hectares
In Bolivia, specialty coffee is grown at an altitude of 1,200 to 2,000 metres above sea level and is mostly centred around the province of Caranavi, 3 hours north east of La Paz. Other commercial commodity grade coffees are also grown at altitudes below 1,000 metres in the province of Santa Cruz.
Bolivia is a paradise for micro lots and the average farm area is around 3 to 5 hectares. Bolivian farms are normally run and managed as family businesses where every member of the family contributes at all stages of production. Since the arrival of the Cup of Excellence programme in 2004, Bolivia has opened up to the world and the quality has been improving every year. These small producers have managed to gain international market access and we have been able to develop a fantastic relationship with our exporter and producers from Coroico, Sud-Yungas and Caranavi.
There are also a great number of cooperatives and associations officially linked to the Bolivian Federation of Coffee Growers and Exporters (FECAFEB) now gaining market access abroad.
Bolivia is a landlocked country and exports are typically shipped out of Peru. The country also boasts the world’s most dangerous road, the infamous ‘Death Road’ that connects the Yungas coffee-growing region with the capital, La Paz. For the last 30 years, agricultural trade was transported along this road creating huge bottlenecks and numerous fatal accidents. It took 3 decades and 10 governments to build the new highway that has been operating since 2006, by-passing to the north one of the most dangerous sections of the old ‘Death Road’. As a result, this has provided a massive improvement to agricultural transportation and the development of the Yungas region.
The main coffee regions are Caranavi, Coroico, Nor & Sud Yungas, Inquisivi, Provincia Ichilo, Samaipata and Mairana. The main coffee varieties cultivated are Tipica, Catuaí, Criollo, Caturra and Catimor.
The coffee cherries are washed by the wet method and mostly dried on African beds. Depending on the distance of the farm from the nearest mill, coffee cherries may be delivered direct for processing or the coffee may be pulped at the farm, dried and delivered in parchment.