Brazil – Fazenda Pantano
Brazil is South America’s most influential and economically powerful country and one of the world’s largest economies. During the last few years great strides have been made in lifting millions out of poverty across the country.
Coffee was introduced to Brazil in 1720 – legend has it, via a few seedlings smuggled out of Guiana in a bouquet… Now Brazil’s dominance in world coffee production is unrivalled, with annual crops of 60 million bags becoming commonplace. Coffee plantations now cover about 10,000 square miles, with 6 billion trees. 74% are Arabica and 26% Robusta. The states of Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo and Parana are the largest producers due to suitable climate and rich soil.
The particular coffee that we have chosen comes from Fazenda Pantano, which is located in the Cerrado, close to the city of Patos de Minas at an altitude of 1,150 metres and covers a total area of 600 hectares. More than 100 hectares of the land are allocated for permanent nature reserves, a legal requirement under Brazilian law.
The yellow bourbon cherries are picked and pulped and then immediately laid on African style beds for air drying. This results in a cleaner cup than natural processed coffee, with brighter notes and a lighter body, but with greater complexity. Conversely pulped naturals have more body and less acidity than the fully washed coffees of Brazil. All processing takes place on the farm and the coffee is only hulled at the point of export and packed into grainpro sacks to preserve flavour and freshness. The farm supports a local school and also funds various training schemes and courses for staff. It is certified by the Rainforest Alliance.